Then and now.
above: Western State College Powder Bowl, Gunnison, Colorado, 1939. Team captain Alice Shanks cuts through the line, leading the upperclasswomen to a 13-6 intramural win. That year, Spalding & Bros., the leading sporting goods company, published American Football for Women: Official Rules. Credit: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
below: University of Alabama cheerleaders, Tuscaloosa, 2010. By the year 2000, more than three million people were participating in organized cheerleading, and with its high-flying stunts, it became the most dangerous school activity among high school girls and college women. Credit: Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
“I Certainly Hope Nobody Makes a Political Football … ,” pencil and ink cartoon by Herblock, October 14, 1982. President Ronald Reagan, depicted in a 1920s-style football uniform, juggling 1980s issues. Credit: The Herblock Foundation
California Give It to Him! Sheet music cover for a University of California (Berkeley) fight song published in 1937. Credit: Music Division, Library of Congress
Segregated seating at the Orange Bowl, Miami, Florida, by Phillip A. Harrington, January 1, 1955. Credit: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
Albert Richard All American Football Map, by F.E. Cheesman, 1941. Amid the hoopla depicting college football powers and their mascots, the map lists conference champions, team records, bowl game results, and the NFL’s ten clubs. Credit: Geography & Map Division, Library of Congress
Bratwursts on the barbecue and cheese wedges on the head indicate a Green Bay Packers tailgate party in progress, ca. 1997. Tailgating grew in popularity after World War II when the emphasis was on consuming already prepared finger food. By the 1980s, tailgaters had expanded their menus and favored cooking on site. Credit: Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
I beg leave to call the attention of our Police to the very unpleasant and improper custom, which our boys have, of kicking a football in the streets. Upon what social contract these “Rights of Boys” are founded, I never could understand. I see none such recognized in the Palladium of our liberties, the Declaration of Independence.
A. B., letter to the editor, The Repertory, December 4, 1804
“The Play Was Swift While It Lasts,” 1895. This illustration appeared in newspapers nationwide accompanying articles describing women taking up the game of football. Credit: Library of Congress
Captain Edward Beecher, Yale, Old Judge and Gypsy Queen Cigarettes (1888) and Knox Taylor, Princeton, Mayo Cut Plug (1894) tobacco football cards. Tobacco companies produced the first sets of sports cards, which were packaged with cigarettes and other tobacco products to encourage repeat purchases from consumers wanting to collect complete sets of featured athletes. Credit: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress